Utetheisa bella (Hodges #8106). Which is a moth with no less than three common names: Calico Moth, Beautiful Utetheisa and Rattlebox Moth (from the foodplant Crotalaria). This one was attempting some early morning nectaring in September in an open field near Bell Slough. It positioned itself like it knew I was waiting. A common open field moth in the fall here. It feeds on Crotolaria as a caterpillar and obtains some chemical defense from the plant. If it finds itself trapped in a spider web, it sits very still. Spiders will inspect the moth, apparently sniffing out the nasty chemistry and then will cut the moths free. Caterpillars raised away (unnaturally) from Crotolaria do not have this protection. Birds learn to avoid this color pattern.

Another Florida animal. This wasp-sized moth, Empyreuma affinis (Hodges #8272), feeds on Oleander and is a relatively new island hopper to Florida from Cuba and the Antilles. Very distinctive with its blue-black body and orange wings. Looked like a Tarantula Killer in flight only slower. Apparently only three moths in Florida feed on the Oleander plant and this one came to Florida in the 1970s. Still limited to south Florida only.

Florida doesn't have all the good moths, but we have to give it credit for this one. Closely related to the above, this is Cosmosoma auge (Hodges #8280), the Scarlet-bodied Wasp Moth. (It appears the name C. myrodora is predated by Linnaeus who originally named it Sphinx auge.) It has been found in Texas, Louisiana and Florida (probably occurs in all the gulf states). It is not easily mistaken for anything. Feeds on at least Mikania scadens, the Climbing Hempweed.

An Arkansas shot but apparently a widespread moth. A Chalcoela iphitalis (Hodges #4895). One of the Pyralids. Nice green eyes.

A Petrophila species (close to Hodges #4779). Difficult to find detailed information. Related to the Water Lettuce Moth which is listed as poorly known in the United States. This genus is also in the Pyralid group. This moth was located on Indian Creek in Pope County. Has an aquatic larval stage.

The colors here are impressive on this small golden red moth. Looks bigger in this shot. I have gone nearly blind trying to find the species. Not even close so far.

I am still amazed at the colors in this Zale. Not sure which species. (Hodges #8690 to 8700s) Taken at Bell Slough in Faulkner County. There are turquoises and blues and greens in there if you stare long enough. Extraordinary bark camouflage.

The Noctuid beauty Autographa biloba (Hodges #8907). I assume named for that window of lobing on the hindwing. Members of this genus often have shaped yellow or white windows of various sizes. This creature is often found on flowers. Can be a garden pest. 

A microlep in the Choreutidae family. Prochoreutis inflatella (Hodges #2629). Lovely and very small as you can see from the flower head. Apparently eats skullcap species as a caterpillar. This one was in the rich Indian Creek woods of Pope county.