White-throated Tinamou Tinamus guttatus [2] {1:4} Slightly smaller than Great. Spots on back, creamier with scaling on head. Reverberant hollow whistled "Whooooo,  whoooooooo."

Cinereous Tinamou Crypturellus cinereus [1] {2:1} Overall dark bird. Clear single whistles "wheeeeet."

Brown Tinamou Crypturellus obsoletus [3] {2:3} [2:2] Higher elevation bird that is more from the foothills. Shreaking "Whee whee wheeee wheeeee wheEEE WHEEEE." Louder as it goes.

Undulated Tinamou Crypturellus undulatus [1] {2:4} White throated with fine barring over back. "Whoo.....whoo whooee?"

Variegated Tinamou Crypturellus variegatus [1] {2:5} Strong rufous barring on back and wings. "Whooo....who who who who wee weee wee wee wee."

Bartlett's Tinamou Crypturellus bartletti [1] {2:6} Highly color variable but stronger barring than undulatus. "Peee...peee..... peeee.....peeeee....peeEE..." Ringing with very slow increase in speed.



Horned Screamer Anhima cornuta [3] {26:1} [4:2] Unearthly, unbelievable call. Like dueting badly blown clarinets. Everyone with ears needs to hear this.



Orinoco Goose Neochen jubata [VR] {6:4}

Masked Duck Nomonyx dominicus [VR]

Muscovy Duck Cairina moschata [3]



Common (Blue-throated) Piping-Guan Pipile pipile [2] {11:1} [9:8} 28 inch birds. Crosses rivers in long glides. Upper secondaries washed with white. High pitched rising whistles. Escalating up the scale to beyond hearing. "oyee oyee weee weee weeEE WEEEEEEE."

Spix's Guan Penelope jacquacu [2] {10:6} 32 inch birds, partially arboreal. Alarms loudly and crashes through the trees. The only brown Cracid around. Lion like "Rowww, rowww,    roowwww uhhh   rooowwwwww."

Nocturnal Curassow Nothocrax urumutum [3] {11:5} 27 inch birds. Rufous with  mohawk and a bare blue eye patch. Sticks close to rivers. Extremely difficult to see in the daytime. And thus not shot out like some of the larger "game birds." As stated elsewhere, the sound link is one of the greatest bird recordings of all time. Like dueling owls discussing the quality of the darkness. 27 January 1985. Once again, I miss Ted.

Salvin's Curassow Mitu salvini [3] {11:3} 34 inch birds, bright red beak and otherwise black except the vent which is white. Song like musically humming cattle. Call is a mouse-like squeak.



Marbled Wood-Quail Odontophorus gujanensis [2] {9:4} Mapped out by voice as virtually impossible to see. Two noted dueting male and females. Only quail in the area.



Zigzag Heron Zebrilus undulatus [2] {25:6} Solitary, dark, Least Bittern sized. Skulky. Odd "owwwahh" noises.




Bare-faced Ibis Phimosus infuscatus [VR] A red faced Ibis with isolated records in NE Ecuador mainly along the Napo.



Tiny Hawk Accipiter superciliosus [3] {31:1} 11 inch females just smaller than Sharpies. No Sharpies here.

Bicolored Hawk Accipiter bicolor [3] {31:4} 18 inch females, usually with reddish femoral coverts, strongly barred tail.

Gray-bellied Hawk Accipiter poliogaster [R] {31:3.5} 18 inch females. No red on legs or belly feathers. Juveniles colored like Ornate Hawk-Eagles.

Crane Hawk Geranospiza caerulescens [3] {30:1} River edges. White curved lunules at the base of the primaries.

Black-faced Hawk Leucopternis melanops [2] {34:3} Smaller than White Hawk with tail barred, not just tipped.

Great Black Hawk Buteogallus urubitinga [3] {36:2} Yellow feet, base of tail half white in adult.

Black-collared Hawk Busarellus nigricollis [VR] {36:4} 

Crested Eagle Morphnus guianensis [3] {41:3}

Harpy Eagle Harpia harpyja [3] {41:4}

Black-and-white Hawk-Eagle Spizastur melanoleucus [3] {29:3} Black eye mark. Like White Hawk in flight with a multi-barred tail. 3 to 4 inches larger than White or Black-faced.



Red-throated Caracara Ibycter americanus [1] {42:1} White belly with white-black wings. Large white terminal tail band. Screeches, screams and caterwauls.

Barred Forest-Falcon Micrastur ruficollis [3] {32:4} 3 or 4 tail bands. 13 inch birds. Three to four note sequences mainly of "kyews" or "whews".

Lined Forest-Falcon Micrastur gilvicollis [2] {32:3} 1 or 2 tail bands. 13 inch birds. Sequences of "kyuh" and "kuh" growing louder.

Collared Forest-Falcon Micrastur semitorquatus [3] {33:2} 22 inch bird like a large Buckley's. Human sounding "aww" doubled and in rising sequence.

Buckley's Forest-Falcon Micrastur buckleyi [3] {33:3} 17 inch bird. Strong wrap around collar. Shorter sequence than the larger Collared. "ah oW"

Orange-breasted Falcon Falco deiroleucus [R] {44:1}



Uniform Crake Amaurolimnas concolor [R] {46:4}

Chestnut-headed Crake Anurolimnas castaneiceps [3] {46:5} Red head and chest plate. Like Black-banded with no belly bars and green legs.


Rufous-sided Crake Laterallus melanophaius [3] {48:2} White throat and underbelly, between red sides.

Black-banded Crake Laterallus fasciatus [3] {48:1} Red-legged compared to CHC above.

Red-winged Wood-Rail Aramides calopterus [VR] {45:6} Voice not yet identified?? Wow.

Azure Gallinule Porphyrula flavirostris [1] {49:1}



Sungrebe Heliornis fulica [2] {8:5} Mostly quiet but some barking "coo coo coo-AH" and "coo-ah  coo-ah" notes.



Gray-winged Trumpeter Psophia crepitans [2] {45:1} Deep growling followed by quacking sequences. And an alien saucer noise.



Large-billed Tern Phaetusa simplex [2] {62:3} 15 inch birds, dark primaries.

Yellow-billed Tern Sterna superciliaris [1] {62:1} "kree" and "kew" notes. Least Tern sized.



Blue-and-yellow Macaw Ara ararauna [1] {69:1} Unmistakable, all blues and yellows. Repeated rolling "rRAA-A-AAHHt".

Red-and-green Macaw Ara chloroptera [3] {69:6} Also rolling "rAAAAed". Slightly higher than above.

White-eyed Parakeet Aratinga leucophthalmus [2] {70:2} Large pale bill. Red facial spotting. Red-yellow wing bend mark from below. Harsh "reeEett reeeeEhtt reet reeettt".

Dusky-billed Parrotlet Forpus modestus [2] {73:6} Blue coverts from below in the male. Blue rumped also. Females yellow faced. Even higher pitched scratchy rising, like cardinal chips "whee wheeet whee whee wheee."

Scarlet-shouldered Parrotlet Touit huetii [1] {74:4} Big red triangle of wing covert red from beneath. Males with blue facial patch. Males also with red lateral tail feathers which females lack. Telegraphic "Brrr brrrtt, brr brrt, brrr brrrt."

Orange-cheeked Parrot Pionopsitta barrabandi [1] {74:6} Cheeks more yellow patched in Ecuador. Pionus sized. Black headed with red wing coverts from below. "Kuu weeEET. Wheeet-ieet" sharp and rising.

Short-tailed Parrot Graydidascalus brachyurus [U] {76:1} Large beak, red eyed. Sticks to large rivers. All green from below with shorter and rounded tail compared to the larger Amazonas. "Kreeee keeeeee, kree kii kiii kieeee." Some squeaky hiccoughs and double noted brrrs.

Festive Amazon Amazona festiva [3] {76:2} All blue primaries from above, appear dark tipped from below, no red wing patch. Adults with red rump. Tail all greenish from below. As varied in voice as Mealy, growns and growls, trumpets, painful noises "Woooww oh-wooowwww. Uhh ohhhh." 



Dark-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus melacoryphus [3] {77:5} Interesting rolling growl that speeds and then the notes become separated into "ohw ohw ohw ohw ohw."

Black-bellied Cuckoo Piaya melanogaster [2] {78:1} Gray headed, darker on belly than Squirrel. "rhii kid CHOOO." Rolling with slight rattle.

Little Cuckoo Coccycua minuta [2] {78:3} Appears all red and crested. Sounds are sharp "kik" as in this first recording. Some songs here. "meeuuuuh meh meh meh mehmehmehmeew."

Rufous-vented Ground-Cuckoo Neomorphus geoffroyi [3] {79:5} Claps beak rapidly. Rising hoots, about 1 per 4 seconds spacing.



Mottled Owl Strix virgata [VR] {82:7} Same pattern as Black-banded but less aggressive and quieter.

Striped Owl Pseudoscops clamator  [3] {83:2} Apparently no one has recorded the actual full call of this bird. Damn things must never do it. Macauley will drive you nuts on this one. "wooOOo" notes and screeches recorded in many locations. As well as a dog barking two noted noise.



Short-tailed Nighthawk Lurocalis semitorquatus [2] {86:2} Rufous belly equivalent for the lowlands.

Nacunda Nighthawk Podager nacunda  [3] {86:5} White normal Nighthawk wing marks and white belly.

Ocellated Poorwill Nyctiphrynus ocellatus [3] {87:4}

Blackish Nightjar Caprimulgus nigrescens [R] {88:1}



Common Potoo Nyctibius griseus [1] {85:1}

Long-tailed Potoo Nyctibius aethereus [3] {85:3}



Pale-rumped Swift Chaetura egregia [3] {90:2} Sweeter and slower chatter than Gray-rumped.

Lesser Swallow-tailed Swift Panyptila cayennensis [1] {91:1}



Black-throated (Little) Hermit Phaethornis atrimentalis [2] {93:3} Minimal streamer, dusky throated and darker breasted.

Reddish Hermit Phaethornis ruber [2] {93:2} 3 inch bird, males with dark belly band over rufous. Orange rumped and orange tail tips laterally.

Pale-tailed Barbthroat Threnetes leucurus [2] {92:4} Orange throat patch and impressive white undertail. Large white moustache.

Buff-tailed Sicklebill Eutoxeres condamini [R] {92:2} Sickle bill form. Likes Heliconia and sometimes sneaky about it. Paler tail markings than its highland cousin.

Black-throated Mango Anthracothorax nigricollis [2] {95:7} The only local mango with the typical male/female mango sexual differences. Large aggressive hummers at feeders sometimes.

Festive Coquette Lophornis chalybeus [VR] {98:3}

Black-bellied Thorntail Popelairia langsdorffi [3] {98:1}

Blue-tailed Emerald Chlorostilbon mellisugus [2] {96:4} 3 inch humer, males green all over. Male black billed and with dark blue slightly notched tail. Female with post eye streak of white and blue tail with white tips.

Rufous-throated Sapphire Hylocharis sapphirina [R] {99:5} Rare and poorly known. Red-orange throat patch over blue-purple in both sexes. Coppery-bronzy square tail. Red-orange beak tipped with black.

Glittering-throated Emerald Amazilia fimbriata [2] {99:1} White arrow of color between the flanks and throat of striking reflective green. Red billed males. Also very vocal.

Fiery Topaz Topaza pyra [R] {97:2} Amazonian stunner. Though rare and local in northern amazonia. Would be difficult to mistake in either sex. Male streamer tailed. Female with a fiery throat patch. Flycatches over streams.

Black-eared Fairy Heliothryx auritus [2] {110:1}



Blue-crowned Trogon Trogon curucui [2] {112:5} Blue over red males, ladder tailed. Females gray over red with distinctive plain gray beak. "Wert wert wert wert wert wert WEhrt WEHRt wert wert wert."

Pavonine Quetzal Pharomachrus pavoninus [3] {113:6} "Wheeooow-chort  wheeooww-chort  wheeoow-chort." First note descending, second abrupt like a whistled cough.



Amazon Kingfisher Chloroceryle amazona  [1] {114:1} Sounds like a Bald Eagle calling.

Green-and-Rufous Kingfisher Chloroceryle inda [1] {114:5}



White-necked Puffbird Notharchus hyperrhynchus [1] {117:2} 10 inch puffbird. Like a giant Pied with a dark undertail. Long frog trill call.

Chestnut-capped Puffbird Bucco macrodactylus [2] {117:5} Midstory birds in varzea and second growth. Chestnut cap over black-white-black face mask and barred underparts. Flycatcher call, "wheeEEuuu."

Collared Puffbird Bucco capensis [2] {117:4} Subcanopy and midstory birds. Rufous face and head, black chest bar. Odd "owww peew whee wee-aww whew-eww" dawn singing. Like a musical parrot.

Spotted Puffbird Bucco tamatia [VR] {117:6} Streams and swamp forest. Dark throat band and wedged spots below. "tuuee tuu-ee tuu-ee tuu-ee tuu-ee tuu-ee tu-ee" on and on until breathless.

White-chested Puffbird Malacoptila fusca [2] {118:5} Mostly dark and streaked with a white slash across upper chest. Downward moustache marks. Drawn whistles and descending "peeeee" notes. Only real streak headed species in area.

Lanceolated Monklet Micromonacha lanceolata [3] {118:4} 5 inch puffbird, brown headed. Mostly quiet and still. "swee sweee swee sweee" rising and mewling whistles.

Yellow-billed Nunbird Monasa flavirostris [1] {119:5} Bright yellow bill. White shoulder marks. Squeaky parrot chatter.



Brown Jacamar Brachygalba lugubris [1] {115:3} Sharp black bill, bird appears all dark. 6 inch bird. Thin and high. "p p p pee peet piitt pee peeee weeeee."

Yellow-billed Jacamar Galbula albirostris [2] {116:3} Male actually has white on the chin. Female with orange throat and chin. Yellow bill both sexes. High starting whistles then rattling. "wee weee weeee we-t-t-t-t-t-t-t-t-t-t-t-t-t".

White-chinned Jacamar Galbula tombacea [1] {116:5} White chin nonexistent. Green with orange belly. Dark billed in both sexes. 2/3 size of Great. Less whistled than YBJ. More like woodpecker sounds. "mew mew mew mew ew-e-w-ew-ew-ew-ew-w-w-w-w."

Great Jacamar Jacamerops aureus [2] {115:2} Twice the size of Brown. Green backed, orange bellied. 12 inch bird. Long whistles trailing off. "heeeee-ooooooo."



Lemon-throated Barbet Eubucco richardsoni [1] {121:4} Dark headed and green backed. "cooo cooo cooo coooo coooo cooooop."



Lettered Araçari Pteroglossus inscriptus [2] {122:1} Plain yellow belly, upper mandible with row of dark vertical markings. Lower mandible all dark. Electrical frogs "grrrt  grerrt grrrt grrrrt."

Golden-collared Toucanet Selenidera reinwardtii [2]  {124:1} Only Toucanet. Golden ear and eye patch. "grooow  grooow grooow grooow groooowww." Low and froggish.



Yellow-throated Woodpecker Piculus flavigula [3] {128:4} Strong yellow throat onto cheeks. High speed hammering. All three Piculus vocalizations are close. Weird raspy gasp in this species.

White-throated Woodpecker Piculus leucolaemus [3] {128:5} Red yellow red face, pale white chin patch. Rasp may be slightly higher. Perhaps more likely to do them in series.

Golden-green Woodpecker Piculus chrysochloros [3] {128:6} Distinct yellow moustache both sexes on green face. May be lowest pitched of the three gasps.

Scale-breasted Woodpecker Celeus grammicus [2] {129:4} Paler yellow scaly breast. "wwRIkk-whoo    wwrIIKK-wheewww." Squeeky toy.

Ringed Woodpecker Celeus torquatus [2] {129:3} Flicker like, black chest shield. Brown ladder back. Piping, scratchy  "chee chee chee chewwwww."

Rufous-headed Woodpecker Celeus spectabilis [3] {129:5} Contrasting head, ladder backed paler.

Red-necked Woodpecker Campephilus rubricollis [3] {130:3} Male red neck and head with all black back. "Pp'tuewww" explosive and repeated.



White-chinned Woodcreeper Dendrocincla merula [R] {131:5} Definite white chin patch, yellow lower mandible. "pit it it itt itt ittt" sequences like an irritated wren chatter but higher and harsher.

Long-billed Woodcreeper Nasica longirostris [1] {135:2} 13 inch impressively beaked bird. "heeeout heeout heeeeout heeeeeoOUT wheeeeOUT wheeeeeeOUT." Nasal and almost sounds like heelpp heelllp. Fairly distinctive.

Amazonian Barred Woodcreeper Dendrocolaptes certhia [2] {132:5} Scaly Barred look. Red tail. Dark eye. Also a whinny like BBW but fades and slows, lower notes at the end. "whi whii whiiy whiiy whiy whi  whii  whiiy   wheew   wheeeww    wh-wh-wh     whiiit." Odd nasal call like a Sapsucker but whinier.

Black-banded Woodcreeper Dendrocolaptes picumnus [1] {132:4} Barred beneath horizontally with pale skeletal lines away from face. "whi whii whiiy whiiy whiy whi whii whiiy wheew wheeeww whit whit whit whiiit." Whinnying. Faster. More Gray Treefrog patterned compared to Amazonian Barred call.

Straight-billed Woodcreeper Dendroplex picus [1] {133:2} Very pale bill, streak headed. "kiip   kiip" and "chi chi chew chew che che chew chew chewww chewwwww."

Ocellated Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus ocellatus [2] {133:4} Like Striped with dark beak. Slower that Striped, down and then back up. "chip chi chupp chee chee chii chii chuu chu chu chu-chheap."

Lineated Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes albolineatus [2] {134:6} 8 inch bird. Eye line behind eye and white with black margined breast streaks. Descending and speeding. "tip tee tee tee te te te ti-ti-ti tiuuu."

Red-billed Scythebill Campylorhamphus trochilirostris [3] {135:3} Bill distinct except for below species, long and curved. Back streaked as opposed to CBS. "Wee weee weee weee weee weee weeep wooo."

Curve-billed Scythebill Campylorhamphus procurvoides [3] {135:5} Unstreaked back. Call different. "wheee wheee whee wheeww w'w'w'w'wi'wi'wi."



Short-billed Leaftosser Sclerurus rufigularis [3] {154:3} High sharp "tseeps" mostly. "Tee tee te te tuu tuu tu tiii." Descending.

Tawny-throated Leaftosser Sclerurus mexicanus [3] {154:4} Long beak, not much throat contrast. "PEEe pEee pEee peee peee peeee peee peeee." Whistled high and descending.

Black-tailed Leaftosser Sclerurus caudacutus [1] {154:2} Darker tailed, white throat patch. Medium bill length. "CHEP pee peee ppeeee peeee peeeee." Woodpecker note followed by an agitated American Robin. Cheps sometimes repeated before the high note series. Mostly descending on the high notes speeding at the end.

Lesser Hornero Furnarius minor [1] {156:2} A ground walker, bobs head. A river island specialist. "Pip pi pi pi pip pi pi p p p p pip" descending like a laugh.


Plain-crowned Spinetail Synallaxis gujanensis  [3] {142:2} Has no black on the white throat. White lore mark in front of the eye. Rufous winged as the other Synallaxis. Squeaky "Kee-uhh  wheh, kee-uhh  wheh." Sometimes just "Kee uhh." 

Ruddy Spinetail Synallaxis rutilans [3] {143:4} Rich ruddy adults with a dark throat patch. "Chick-pUuueeeh, chick-pUuueeh, chick-pUuueeeh." Essentially endless.

White-bellied Spinetail Synallaxis propinqua  [1] {142:6} Uniform grayish head with dark throat. Paler overall with black and white throat marks. Wren like harsh "Djrr djr djr djr djr djj djj djah djah djah" bouncing and fast chatter.


Parker’s Spinetail Cranioleuca vulpecula  [1] {144:3} River islands and rivers. Some white streaking on browner belly, whitish throat. Rufous over much of back and tail and nape. Woodpecker like "Tyew tyew tyew, tyew tyew tyew" often in trios. Harsh and smacking.

Speckled Spinetail Cranioleuca gutturata [3] {145:2} Dark speckled breast. Strong pale eye brow line. Rufous capped. Ultra high pitched "Tsee tseee tseeeee tseeeeeee tseee." Some buzzy accent notes at the end sometimes.

Plain Softtail Thripophaga fusciceps [R] {144:4} Uniform coloration. Rarely mixes with other birds apparently. Has a hanging nest instead of using holes. "Tch tchr tchr tchh tchh tch tch tch tch t t t t." Rapid bouncing descent.

Orange-fronted Plushcrown Metopothrix aurantiaca [1] {144:5} Warbler sized and warbler looking. Orange legged at close range. Canopy dweller in second growth. High pitched "pseet  pseet   pseeet   pseet."

Point-tailed Palmcreeper Berlepschia rikeri [2] {151:1} Striking zebra bird with red wings and tail. Restricted to palms in flooded forest. Pileated Woodpecker rhythm. But sharper. "Ttu tu tu tu tu ti tu ti tu ti ti ti ti ti ti." Rising up and speeding.

Eastern Woodhaunter (Striped Foliage-Gleaner) Hyloctistes subulatus [2] {151:2} Double whistled "hEEer-hear, Heer-hear." Repeated.


Cinnamon-rumped Foliage-Gleaner Philydor pyrrhodes [2] {151:4} Much more cinnamon on throat and belly than RRFG. Wing contrast much stronger with dark wings in this species. Makes an amazing rising trill. "trrrrrUUEEEEEEEEEEE."

Rufous-rumped Foliage-Gleaner Philydor erythrocercum [3] {150:3} Rufous extends from tail to rump. Very little contrast between wings and body. Creamy throat, strong pale eye line. "tre tree TREE TREE tre tree tre tre teh teh teh" harsh and rusty, rising and falling.

Chestnut-winged Foliage-Gleaner Philydor erythropterum [1] {150:1} Compare with Hookbill above. And bigger with less eyeline than above two species. Much less streaky on back and head than Hookbill. Very bright chestnut wings. Canopy and end-branch lover. Double noted wren scold "treh treeh" and a trill.


Olive-backed Foliage-Gleaner Automolus infuscatus [2] {152:6} Rufus tail set off from back. Dark streaked crown. Call is a sharp almost pure "hic-cupp." Like a hiccough from a Red-bellied Woodpecker. "r'rr'r'r'r'r'r'r'r'ruh" steady to slightly falling trill like a wren scold extended.

Dusky-cheeked (Bamboo) Foliage-Gleaner Anabazenops dorsalis  [3] {152:5} Sharp "kleet" notes. "tchrrk tchewrk tchewrk tchrk tchrk tchrk tchrk tchrk."


Buff-throated Foliage-Gleaner Automolus ochrolaemus [1] {152:4} Dark eyed and pale eye ring. "WEE weeh weeh wehr werh wuup." Falling and whiny. Distinct. Usually 5 or 6 notes and complete.

Brown-rumped Foliage-Gleaner Automolus melanopezus [R] {152:3} Frog like "wheep wheep chi churr r'r'r'r'r'r".

Chestnut-crowned Foliage-Gleaner Automolus rufipileatus [1] {152:2} "t't'trr'r'r'r'r'r'r'rr" descending rattle.


Slender-billed Xenops Xenops tenuirostris [3] {155:1} Less striped body. Strong facial stripes up and down. "tseep  tseep  tseeep tseeep tssip." Very high pitched.

Rufous-tailed Xenops Xenops milleri [3] {155:6} 4 inch bird red wings and tail with strongly striped head and body. "ttchchchCHCHCHchchchch eeerrrrrr" rising and falling rattle.




{spacing for larger genera}

Undulated Antshrike Frederickena unduligera [2] {158:5} Stonger crest and darker males than Fasciated. High pitched, rising sustained "Wheet whee whee whee whee wheee wheee wheeeet."

Great Antshrike Taraba major [1] {156:5} Bouncing ball "tchhrrrt tchrrt tchrrt..." followed by and odd "whuuaaaaat.

White-shouldered Antshrike Thamnophilus aethiops [3] {159:3} Male with white shoulder mark, red eye. Like a less marked Castelnau's. Females mostly rufus whereas Castelnau female is black. "aww awww awww awww awwwwt." Forest Falcon sounding.

Cocha Antshrike Thamnophilus praecox [3] {159:4 1/2} All black males. Females with black head painted on red-orange body. Speeding, dropping slightly hooting notes like an alien spaceship. "tyoo tyoo tyoo tyooo tyoo tyoo tyoo tyoo tyoo."

Black Bushbird Neoctantes niger [3] {174:2} [159:1] 16 cm males jet black and large beaked. Females with large red breast patch. "Wee   wee   weee  weee   weeee    weeee..." on and on.

Moustached (Short-billed) Antwren Myrmotherula ignota obscura [1] {164:1} Both sexes with some yellowing. Almost unstreaked on the yellow breasts. Clear white (cream or yellowed in female) cheek patch above the dark moustache. "Tuipp tuiipp tuip tuip tui tui ti ti ti ti tit ti." Bouncing down rhythm much clearer and cleaner than Pygmy.

Rio Suno Antwren Myrmotherula sunensis [3] {165:5} [162:7] Black bib of male all the way to belly. Song described by Parker as a short descending series of rising whistles. "Whee EEE whee EEEE EEEEEEE."

Stipple-throated Antwren Epinecrophylla haematonota [3] {163:6} High pitched in Blackburnian level, quavering descent. "Tee tee tee tee te te te te tee tee."

Yasuni (Brown-backed) Antwren Epinecrophylla fjeldsaai [3] {163:5} Eyes pale, back brown from crown to tail tip. Male with white dotted black throat patch. Song very similar to Stipple-throated in pitch and descending rhythm, fast and high.

Rufous-tailed Antwren Epinecrophylla erythrura [2] {163:1} Less chin patch than next bird. Female is plain throated. Rufous from tail to back of head in both sexes. Song high and off pace, descends slowly. "Whee  whee  wheee  wheeet  wheeet wheee whee whee." Also a spluttery rattle.

Chestnut-shouldered Antwren Terenura humeralis [3] {166:4} [164:5] Rufous chestnut back and rump. Strong eyeline with a pale face. "tew tew tew tew ti ti ti ti ti-t-t-t". Ash-winged Antwren T. spodioptila possible in area, male wings gray, no olive or yellows, browner, no eyestripe. Call very similar.

Dugand’s Antwren Herpsilochmus dugandi [3] {167:2} Strong eye stripe, female rufous capped. Single white line on tail. Bouncing table tennis ball, fast at the end. Lower pitched than the Terenuras.

Gray Antbird Cercomacra cinerascens [1] {169:2} Not much paler than the next two Cercomacra. Males much less wing marked. Tail white tipped both sexes with white spots from below. Very vocal pairs. "Djurr-whEEeyyw djurr-whEEeeyyw djirr-whEEeyyww." Double noted phrases repeated like a buzzy cuckoo.

Black Antbird Cercomacra serva [2] {169:4} [165:1] Red-eyed in both sexes. Dense undergrowth birds. Bouncier call. "Churtt churt churt chEEt CHEET."

(Peruvian) Warbling-Antbird Hypocnemis peruviana [cantator] [1] {168:2} "Djee djee djee djee djee   djeerhh  djeerrhh   djeerrhhrr." Slowing and buzzier.

Spot-winged Antbird Schistocichla leucostigma [2] {171:2} Dark eyed and uniform dark males. Females with red-brown body. "Ti-ti-ii-i-i-i-e-e-e-e-E-eer." Rising and then slowing.

Sooty Antbird Myrmeciza fortis [1] {172:1} No secondary spots. Small white shoulder mark. "Peee peewww pEEeeew pEEeee peee peee peee peeeeeee." Rising whistled notes.

Black-throated Antbird Myrmeciza atrothorax [R] {171:5} Not proven for La Selva area yet. "Ti ti ti tee tee tEee tEEee teee tiipp." Rising and with accentuated final note.

Lunulated Antbird Gymnopithys lunulatus [3] {173:3} "PEew pee pee peee peee pee peueew pee peee peeeee peeeuwwww." Slowing quickly after spin down about 7 or 8 notes. Like an antbird Canyon Wren. Last note screechy and low.

Bicolored (White-cheeked) Antbird Gymnopithys leucaspis [2] {173:1} "TUUEEee twEEeee twee twe twe twe twe twe twe weet weet weet." Falling off and slowing.

Wing-banded Antbird Myrmornis torquata [R] {175:4} [167:3] Hops, tail upturned. Black chinned males, orange chinned females. "Whee wheew wheew wheeW WHEEw WHEE WHEE WHEEE whe wheat." Squeaky and rising to the end.



Rufous-capped Antthrush Formicarius colma [2] {176:5} "Teh tu tu tu tu tu tu tu tu tu tu t eee ee ee e e e e" described as froglike piping slowing and descending to a last up rise.

Noble (Striated) Antthrush Chamaeza nobilis [1] {176:1} "Poop poop poop poop poo poo poo poo poo poo poo pu pu pu pu pu pu." Owlish and rapidly descending. Equivalent to the higher elevation Short-tailed but with different tones.



Ochre-striped Antpitta Grallaria dignissima [3] {177:1} "who HEWW ewwww," distinctive triple hollow whistle.

White-lored (Fulvous-bellied) Antpitta Hylopezus fulviventris [3] {181:5} "Hoop hoop hoop hoop hooop." Three to five hoops.

Thrush-like Antpitta Myrmothera campanisona [1] {180:6} "Whuu whoo whuu whuu whou whoo whoo whoo whoo." Rising and then falling slightly, hollow, owl like notes.



Ash-throated Gnateater Conopophaga peruviana [3] {181:2} Gray throated males. Stands erect. Fainter eyeline but raises pale areas like horns when excited. "Three-ditt  three-diittt." Sharp and sudden calls like a flycatcher.



White-lored Tyrannulet Ornithion inerme [2] {194:5} 3 1/2 inch birds, like miniature Blue-headed Vireos. Sometimes just gives high intro series. "wee wee wee weet wher where whe whe whe whe whet."

Forest Elaenia Myiopagis gaimardii [1] {190:6} "Tweeee?    pee tweeee?"

Yellow-crowned Elaenia Myiopagis flavivertex [1] {190:3} "per per peer Djeer djeer djeerr djeer djeeer djeeeer." Number of djeers varies.

Large Elaenia Elaenia spectabilis [3] {191:2} Like a Yellow-bellied Elaenia for the lowlands. "wee pweee pweee."

Small-billed Elaenia Elaenia parvirostris [3] {192:3} Yellow wing bar wash. Eyering. Green backed like an Empid. "peet weee wee whoo-jrrrrt."

Mottle-backed Elaenia Elaenia gigas [1] {191:4} Very odd "Tchee buh bee jee djjjeEEeee" repeated.

Amazonian Scrub-Flycatcher Sublegatus obscurior [3] {193:4} "Whee wheeEEEE, whee wheeEE teaaaaa."

River Tyrannulet Serpophaga hypoleuca  [2] {193:1}

Lesser Wagtail-Tyrant Stigmatura napensis [1] {193:6} "Chi chi wee deee dit CHEWWW, chi chee wee diit dit CHEWW." Repetitive, bouncing chatty.

Cinnamon Manakin-Tyrant Neopipo cinnamomea [3] {207:1} "pii peee peeee PEEE pEeee peeee pee." Slow fall off rhythm downward.

Ringed Antpipit Corythopis torquatus [2] {206:1} "Heee U-hee-youu". Repeated. Pipit with a black streaked blaze on chest. Mostly a walker.

Short-tailed Pygmy-Tyrant Myiornis ecaudatus [2] {199:2} 2 1/2 inch gray headed tiny bird. Insect like short trills, sometimes doubled. "Tre-e-e-et".

Double-banded Pygmy-Tyrant Lophotriccus vitiosus [2] {199:6} Rattled "djeeeer" descending, much lower than STPT notes.

Black-and-White Tody-Tyrant Poecilotriccus capitalis [R] {202:3} Striking males, black backed and white eye ringed. Females rufous browed and green backed. Squirrelish "chipp che chee chwee chwee" notes.

White-eyed Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus zosterops [2] {200:1} Greenish overall and streak breasted. Yellow wing edgings on secondaries anc coverts. Sharp "pip pip pip pip" notes in short and longer sequences.

Rusty-fronted Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum latirostris [U] {202:2} River edge and river front. Buffy eyering and tawny wing covert edges. "tchur-r-r-r-r" notes, low pitched and descending.

Brownish Twist-wing (Flycatcher) Cnipodectes subbrunneus [2] {204:1} Large flycatcher. Red-eyed. With rufous brown tail. Shaggy headed appearance. "tik tk tk pee-EWW pee-EWW pew."

Rufous-tailed Flatbill Ramphotrigon ruficauda [R] {204:2} Bright rufous tail and wing markings. "meeEEW yew, meeEW yew." Mellow climbing mewling notes.

Dusky-tailed Flatbill Ramphotrigon fuscicauda [VR] {204:3} Less rufous tailed, very different voice. More streak breasted than RT. "PEER tr peer, PEER trp peer." High and loud on first note.

Olivaceous Flatbill Rhynchocyclus olivaceus [R] {204:6} Greens and yellows, dark eyed. "wee wee weE WEEE WEE whi chit." Climbing wee's with chatter at the end. Sometimes squeaky.

Gray-crowned (Flatbill) Flycatcher Tolmomyias poliocephalus [1] {205:4} Gray crowned and pale eyed. Dark tipped beak. "tuee twee tweeee TUUEEE?" Clear rising falling whistles.

Orange-eyed Flatbill (Flycatcher) Tolmomyias traylori [R] {205:3} Very orange iris. Gray crown. "zreeEe zreep, zree zreeep." Rising notes.

White-crested Spadebill Platyrinchus platyrhynchos [3] {206:2} Mainly a sharp "Breewwwpp." Repeated over and over.

Golden-crowned Spadebill Platyrinchus coronatus [3] {206:4} High pitched rising trill "tieee-e-e-E-E-e-e-ipp".

Amazonian Royal Flycatcher Onychorhynchus coronatus [3] {211:6} "PEE-yuk" mostly as the call note repeated.

Black-tailed Flycatcher Myiobius atricaudus [U] {197:1} Weak "tsipp" notes mainly.

Whiskered Flycatcher Myiobius barbatus [3] {197:2} Split from Sulphur rumped. Same yellow rump appearance. Mainly soft "tseet tseet" notes.

Euler's Flycatcher Lathrotriccus euleri  [3] {209:2} Looks like one of our Empids. "DZEEE-ehrr" and "DZEE whip." Most often.

Fuscous Flycatcher Cnemotriccus fuscatus  [1] {209:5} A rather plain looking bird like an Empid lightly painted with some rust on the wingbars and eyebrow. Certainly an unbelievable flycatcher call. Very frog-like laughing "Dewwy chew cheww chow."

Riverside Tyrant Knipolegus orenocensis  [R] {212:4} Male jet black with red eye. "pwip pwip pwip pee tuk." Sometimes excited, sharp short notes overall.

White-headed Marsh-Tyrant Arundinicola leucocephala  [3] {211:2} Chipping notes. Distinctive white headed bird. Riverine.

Citron-bellied Attila Attila citriniventris [3] {227:1} Contrasting gray head and rufous body. "wer wur wee wee wee WEE WEE WEE WEE wheewww." Rising and loud.

Grayish Mourner Rhytipterna simplex [1] {229:2} All gray and much smaller than the Pihas. Sounds like a Red-bellied Woodpecker call with a loud "DJJIRRT" at the end.

Sirystes (Flycatcher) Sirystes sibilator [1] {222:6} Gray body, dark head and dark wings and dark tail. Like a sharply marked Myiarchus. "p'Wheer pEee puuu." Last two notes like a squeaky toy.

Short-crested Flycatcher Myiarchus ferox  [1] {224:2} "trEE-E-Err." Repeated. Like a sharp Spring Peeper note.

Swainson's Flycatcher Myiarchus swainsoni [3] {224:1} Austral migrant. No rufous in tail. Sometimes masked. "chi-wurrrR-R-R ehhr." "CHRR CHRR CHRR cheer."

Dusky-chested Flycatcher Myiozetetes luteiventris [3] {220:1} "deww deww dew djjr djjjr djjr." Western Kingbirdish in appearance.

Crowned Slaty-Flycatcher Empidonomus aurantioatrocristatus [2] {222:3} Strong eyeline with a hidden colored cap. High thin insect "tzeeet" calls.

Variegated Flycatcher Empidonomus varius [3] {219:1} Like a Piratic with heavier breast streaking and pale secondary and primary wing edges. Thin shrill "t'zeeee" call.

Sulphury Flycatcher Tyrannopsis sulphurea [2] {223:1} Tropical Kingbirdish in appearance. Calls are high "tseeeE" notes.

White-throated Kingbird Tyrannus albogularis [3] {223:4} Like a Western Kingbird with a white head. Migrates to major rivers. High rusty twitter.



Black-necked Red-Cotinga Phoenicircus nigricollis [3] {234:2} Loud sharp "KYEWW kyeewww" and "Wheeew  wheeww" like nasal parrots.

Purple-throated Cotinga Porphyrolaema porphyrolaema [3] {233:3} Flycatcher like descending "Kyeeeewwww."

Plum-throated Cotinga Cotinga maynana [1] {233:6} Male dark blue, plum throated and yellow eyed. Brown scaley female also yellow eyed. Recording is of mechanical wing sound.



Blue-backed Manakin Chiroxiphia pareola [1] {237:2} Female darker blue green and red eyed. Very short tailed. "Whoo-whiiit or Wee-oo-Wittt." Whistled, clear, like you are calling your dog. Notes like a Kingbird when chatty.

White-bearded Manakin Manacus manacus [3] {237:4} "Chee-leewww, and purrrt," and also with a strong electric mechanical sound, popping and serial popping.

Green Manakin Xenopipo holochlora [3] {236:4} Straight plain green in both sexes. Longer tailed than some of the female manakins of other species. Notes "Twueee      twueee     twueeeee."

Dwarf Tyrant-Manakin Tyranneutes stolzmanni [1] {235:4} 3 1/4 inch bird that calls alot. Green backed and cream bellied. "DJEWW-whiieett." Fast, explosive, first note very buzzy, second a quick whistle.

Wing-barred Piprites (Manakin) Piprites chloris [1] {234:6} Looks like a flycatcher with yellow wingbars. Green back with yellow lores and throat. "Hoee peep peep peep peep pee-e-p-p peep peep," stuttering note toward the end. Hollow sounding notes. Like a small owl.



Varzea Schiffornis (Greater Manakin) Schiffornis major [1] {234:4} A cinnamon rufous Schiffornis with some greying on the head. "Heee who-ittt whoo wEEeee?" And variations. Strongly whistled, questioning.

Thrush-like (Brown-winged) Schiffornis Schiffornis turdina [3] {234:5} "teeewww  tui-cheeEEEEEE."

Cinereous Mourner Laniocera hypopyrra [2] {229:4} A Mourner with a yellow eyering. Buffy tips to the wing coverts giving its shoulders a spotted look. Call a repetitive "ee-you-wee ee-you-weee ee-you-weee eeyouweee."

White-browed Purpletuft Iodopleura isabellae [2] {228:6} Mostly black and white sparrow sized bird. Sallies for insects up high. "weee whitititit." Squeaky call  but quiet mainly.

Chestnut-crowned Becard Pachyramphus castaneus [3] {225:6} Gray band from lores across face, separating chestnut cap from back. Smaller than Pink-throated females. "Pee peee peee peeeww." Descending.

White-winged Becard Pachyramphus polychopterus [1] {226:2} Males all black bellied with white wingbars and tail accents. "Tuu tu tu tuu tu tu tuu twoo." Musical and whistled.

Black-capped Becard Pachyramphus marginatus [2] {226:3} Males gray bellied. Wing coverts and secondaries white edged. "Heww heew wIIEttt weeee." Like a bluebird chortle, whistled.



Slaty-capped Shrike-Vireo Vireolanius leucotis [3] {239:3} "Peeeurr   peeurr   peeurr   peeurrr." Repeated slurring whistle with pauses.

Dusky-capped Greenlet Hylophilus hypoxanthus [1] {240:4} All three greenlets smaller than Red-eyed Vireo. This species is dark eyed. "Tee whEEcheee weeyou." Warbler like.

Lemon-chested Greenlet Hylophilus thoracicus [R] {240:6} Pale eyed with bright yellow breast band. "Wee pee  wee pee  wee pee  wee pee  weee."



White-thighed Swallow Neochelidon tibialis [R] {243:4} Small and dark with deeply notched tail. 


Coraya Wren Thryothorus coraya [1] {248:1} Carolina with a black face mask. "Heeerrr toe toe toe toe toe. Heerr toe two two two two." Other whistled phrases before the "two two two two."

Buff-breasted Wren Thryothorus leucotis [2] {248:7} Muted pale face, rufous body, wings and tail. Characteristic "psst Tcheww tcheww     psstt tcheww tcheww."

Musician Wren Cyphorhinus aradus [3] {247:2} Dark, mostly rufous, often travels in pairs. Occasionally follows ants. The mad whistler. Takes up many patterns of whistled phrases. Like a happy drunk. Pauses between. Some rattling preludes.



Tawny-faced (Half-collared) Gnatwren Microbates cinereiventris [3] {251:4} Red face patch, white throat and long bill.  



Lawrence's Thrush Turdus lawrencii [2] {255:1} Like our Robin only darker brown beneath. Nice eye ring. Orange bill. Like disjunct Mockingbird phrases, with whistles sometimes very high pitched. Sounds imitative. With regular heavy pauses.

Hauxwell's Thrush Turdus hauxwelli [2]  {256:4} Pretty rufous overall with dark ring on eye. Dark bill. Much faster phrasing like a more typical Turdus. Less pausing, more Robin singing.



Yellow-backed Tanager Hemithraupis flavicollis [3] {260:2} Males dark backed with yellow throat and yellow rump.

Fulvous Shrike-Tanager Lanio fulvus [1] {262:1} Oriole like, black head and wings. "tcheww wheat tcheww tcheww." Repetitive with slight variance.

Fulvous-crested Tanager Tachyphonus surinamus [2] {261:1} Orange rumped Tachyphonus.

Masked Crimson Tanager Ramphocelus nigrogularis [1] {257:3} Black belly and wings over cardinal red Ramphocelus. Sweet "wheet tyou teeyou   wheet tyou twyoo."

Opal-crowned Tanager Tangara callophrys [1] {270:4} Similar to OR but golden brow boomerang.

Yellow-bellied Tanager Tangara xanthogastra [2] {269:5} Like G&G with no fask mask and some scaling.

Masked Tanager Tangara nigrocincta [2] {269:2} Lavender hooded, dark blue and purple body.

Turquoise Tanager Tangara mexicana [1] {270:1} Yellow shoulder marks and belly over dark purple and black.

Yellow-bellied Dacnis Dacnis flaviventer [1] {272:1} Oriole like colors with yellow moustache in male and full yellow belly. Female plain brown with light mottling.

White-bellied Dacnis Dacnis albiventris [VR] {272:4} Rare, masked with purple head and wings and a white belly. Bright yellow eye in both sexes.

Short-billed Honeycreeper Cyanerpes nitidus [3] {272:6} Like a short beaked Purple with red legs.

Red-legged Honeycreeper Cyanerpes cyaneus [R] {272:5} Strong blue crown and black back mark with red legs compared to Purple.

Yellow-shouldered Grosbeak Parkerthraustes humeralis [3] {290:1} Like a black masked Saltator. Yellow-green backed.



Lined Seedeater Sporophila lineola [VR] {284:2} Often with Lesson's. Only males separable. White crown mark and moustache.

Lesson's Seedeater Sporophila bouvronides [3] {284:1} White moustache mark, dark crown.

Large-billed Seed-Finch Oryzoborus crassirostris [3] {286:3} An inch shorter than BBSF and with a very pale bill in both sexes.

Black-billed Seed-Finch Oryzoborus atrirostris [3] {286:4} Black beaked in both sexes.



Pale-eyed Blackbird Agelasticus xanthophthalmus [R] {300:3} 8 inch black bird with white eye.

Red-breasted Blackbird Sturnella militaris [U] {300:5} Distinct, red breast plate.

Velvet-fronted Grackle Lampropsar tanagrinus [3] {298:6} Small dark beak compared to all dark Caciques. Nasal bubbling notes "whit too CHeww cheww, whit whit..."

Orange-backed Troupial Icterus croconotus [2] {299:5} Big oriole with a white wing patch on black wings and black face mask, otherwise orange. "HUUEEETT? too too too HUUEEET?"

Red-rumped Cacique Cacicus haemorrhous [3] {297:7} Chatty but does not imitate parrots.

Solitary (Black) Cacique Cacicus solitarius [1] {298:7} Chunkier than Ecuadorian, with dark eye. Froglike "gwahhhh." And "teer teer teer."

Ecuadorian Cacique Cacicus sclateri [3] {298:5} Smaller, blue eyed and all black. "chik chik chik" and "wu wup wup CHEE-AHHR."

Green Oropendola Psarocolius viridis [3]  {296:4} Broad yellow lateral tail, rufous belly, otherwise green with pale beak. Blue eyed. Compare the much commoner Russet-backed. "glug lug glug glug glug oww bububup." Liquid and rising.

Casqued Oropendola Clypicterus oseryi [2]  {296:3} Smaller 15 inch bird. Pale eye. Dark rufous over most of back and body. Green throat and upper breast. Yellow beak and faceplate. Forest interior bird. Loud "djEERRROOPP." From distance just sounds like a yelp "djjowwwwppp."

Olive Oropendola Psarocolius bifasciatus [2] {296:6} 20 inch males. Pink facial mark below eye. Gray black beak with red tip. Rolling "g g g-r-r-r-r r r cu cu ROH."

Band-tailed Oropendola Ocyalus latirostris [VR] {297:1} Liquid parrot-like noises with "choo, gluck and rhawww" noises.