of Central America

Some descriptors are added here. Common names in black are butterflies which also occur in the US. Accurate as stated for Belize to CR on the lowland Caribbean side.



          belus varus (Kollar, 1850) (Varus Swallowtail) CR BZ PA

(like Polydamus with almost no forewing markings)

          crassus (Cramer, 1777) (Crassus Swallowtail) CR

(pure black with white bar on foreward edge of hindwing in males, yellow wedge on forewing in females)

          laodamus (C & R Felder, 1859) (Yellow-spotted Swallowtail) CR BZ

          lycidas (Cramer 1777) (Yellow-trailed Swallowtail) BZ

          philenor (Linnaeus, 1771) (Pipevine Swallowtail) BZ

          polydamas polydamas (Linnaeus, 1758) (Polydamus Swallowtail) CR BZ


Eurytides (Kite-Swallowtails)

          orabilis (Butler 1872) CR

(large central pale yellow ovals)



          euryleon clusoculis (Butler, 1872) CR

(parides mimic, white forewing spot, red hindwing spot in male)

          ilus (Fabricius, 1793) (Dual-spotted Swallowtail) BZ PA

          pausanias (Hewitson, 1852) CR

          phaon (Boisduval, 1836) (Red-sided Swallowtail) BZ


Papilio (True Swallowtails)

          anchisiades idaeus Fabricius 1793 (Ruby-spotted Swallowtail) CR BZ

(Parides mimic, pink hindwing spots)

          androgeus Cramer, [1775] (Androgeus Swallowtail) CR BZ

          astyalus Godart, 1819 (Broad-banded Swallowtail) CR BZ

          birchalli Hewitson, 1863 CR

(female iridescent blues and greens on upper, male with line of white forewing spotting)

          cresphontes (Cramer, 1777) (Giant Swallowtail) CR BZ

          paeon Boisduval, 1836 CR

         polyxenes (Fabricius, 1775) (Black Swallowtail) CR BZ

          thoas Linnaeus, 1771 (Thoas Swallowtail) CR BZ PA

(like Giant with yellow spots on tails)

torquatas Cramer, 1777 (Band-gapped Swallowtail) CR BZ


Parides (CATTLEHEARTS) (Black tailless swallowtails, most hindwings with orange or red)                               

          childrenae (Gray, 1832) (Green-celled Cattleheart) CR BZ PA

(larger bright green forewing spot in males, two white forewing spots in females)

erithalion (Boisduval, 1836) (Variable Cattleheart) CR BZ PA

(miniscule white forewing mark in males, small white comma mark on forewing in females)

          eurimedes (Stoll, [1782]) (Pink-checked Cattleheart) CR BZ PA

(pale green forewing spot in males)

          iphidamas iphidamas (Fabricius, 1793) (Transandean Cattleheart) CR BZ PA

(white and red on hindwing in males)

          montezuma (Westwood 1842) (Montezuma’s Cattleheart) CR BZ

          panares (Gray, 1853) (Wedge-spotted Cattleheart) CR BZ

(male with gray and white forewing spot, female with elongate white single forewing spot)

          sesostris zestos (Gray 1852) (Emerald–patched Cattleheart) CR BZ PA

(bright green forewing spot in males, small red wedge in hindwing in males)


Photographium (Zebra relations)

          agesilaus (Guerin Meneville & Percheron, 1835) (Short-lined Kite-Swallowtail) CR BZ

          calliste (Bates, 1864) (Yellow Kite-Swallowtail) CR BZ

          dioxippus lacandones (Bates, 1864) (Thick-bordered Kite-Swallowtail) CR BZ

(yellow triangular central spaces)

          epidaus (Doubleday, 1846) (Guatemalan Kite-Swallowtail) CR BZ

          philolaus (Boisduval 1836) (Dark Kite-Swallowtail) BZ

          thyastes panamensis (Oberthur, 1880) (Orange Kite-Swallowtail) CR

(dark oranges, triangular central spaces)


          macrosilaus (Gray 1853) (Bow-lined Kite-Swallowtail) CR BZ